Questionnaire Text

Canada 1881 Iceland 1801 Norway 1875 Sweden 1890
Canada 1901 Iceland 1901 Norway 1900 Sweden 1900
Iceland 1703 Iceland 1910 Norway 1910 Sweden 1910
Iceland 1729 Norway 1865 Sweden 1880
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Canada 1881 — source variable CA1881A_0421 — Modified HISCO code for status
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Personal Information
7. ____ Names

8. ____ Sex

9. ____ Age

10. ____ Born within last twelve months

11. ____ Country or Province of birth

12. ____ Religion

13. ____ Origin

14. ____ Profession, Occupation, or Trade

15. ____ Married or Widowed

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Column 14. The profession, trade, or occupation, must be entered in full, as given. When two of these are united in one person, both may, or ;may not be given; the point being decided by the importance attached to the fact by the person himself. When sons follow the professions or occupations of their fathers, and are associated with them, the same description is to be inserted. For instance, a farmer's son, working on his father's farm, is a farmer; a carpenter's son, in the same way, a carpenter; and so other young men, when studying professions, are to be inscribed as Medical Student, Law Student and when apprenticed to trades, are to be entered in a similar way. Young men at colleges, but not school children, are to be entered as students.

In the case of women, unless they have a definite occupation besides their share in the work of the family or household, the column is to be filled with the sign -; as also in the case of children. If they have a special occupation, such as seamstress, clerk, factory hand, then it should be entered accordingly.


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Canada 1901 — source variable CA1901A_0424 — Modified HISCO code for status

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Iceland 1703 — source variable IS1703A_0421 — Status information in occupation string

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Iceland 1729 — source variable IS1729A_0413 — Occupational status

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Iceland 1801 — source variable IS1801A_0406 — Primary status information in occupation response
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6. Occupation or industry: _____________________
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The persons' title, office, business, crafts and trade, or what they live by must also appear, and so far they had handicaps or live by alms. [Especially, remark for cottars in the countryside whether they have any agricultural or other occupation. Moreover, when several families dwell in one house or farm, those living together in a family must be listed together].

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Iceland 1901 — source variable IS1901B_0443 — Employment status information from occupation or relate

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Iceland 1910 — source variable IS1910A_0408 — Status information in occupation string

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Norway 1865 — source variable NO1865A_0424 — Modified HISCO code for status

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Norway 1875 — source variable NO1875A_0426 — Modified HISCO code for status
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9. Occupation:

For persons over 15 years, occupation (trade) or provided for by whom? ____
For persons under 15 years, who had salaried work, specify what kind? ____


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Norway 1900 — source variable NO1900A_0435 — Modified HISCO code for status
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Occupation and (social) position:
Including Housewife's or children's specific occupation. Enter clearly and specifically which trade and business or branch which the person performs or works at, and also the position in this trade. If someone has several occupations enter these, the main occupation first.

____ Trade and business
____ Position
____ Comment

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Field 9. The type of industry or occupation must be accurately specified. For grown children still at home and other relatives as well as for servants specify if they are occupied doing housework, agricultural work, cattle work or other types of work, specifying which. For widows and grown-up unmarried women must be specified if they live from own means or perform any industry, such as lodgings, sewing, trade etc, or if they have any specific occupation. For lodgers or visitors the occupation must also be included. For craftsmen and others running industries etc must be specified what kind of industry they run; for instance it is not sufficient to write craftsman, factory owner, factory manager etc, please specify shoemaker, tile works owner, sawmill manager etc. For secreataries, clerks, watchmen, engineers, coal shufflers etc must be specified in what kind of trade they are employed. For workers, lodgers and day labourers add the factory etc where they worked at census time or where they worked, e g in agriculture, saw mill, brewery etc.
Each occupation must be specified so that it is known if the person runs the institution etc as employer or commercially, as independent worker on own account or whether he works in the service of others as manager, foreman, journeyman, apprentice or worker. In the case of all such positions which might be both private and public, the character of the position must be noted (e g higher or medium civil servant in the service of the state or municipality, teacher at private school etc). Person living mainly from their fortune, pensions, life interests or public support should be thus characterized together with their occupation, if at all significant. Persons previously employed in private enterprise, as civil servants etc, get "fv." before their occupation.

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Norway 1910 — source variable NO1910A_0414 — HISCO status
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9a. Occupation and position. Also the specific occupations of the housemother or children. Note accurately and specifically trade or discipline which the person performs or work in, so that this person's position in the occupation can be understood (e.g., tenant farmer, shoemaker apprentice, pulp mill worker). If someone has several occupations, note these, first the main occupation. (Cf also remark 7).
9b. If someone is unemployed on Census day, put the letter: "I".

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7. Field 9. The type of industry or occupation must be accurately specified. For grown children still at home and other relatives as well as for servants specify if they are occupied doing housework, agricultural work, cattle work or other types of work, specifying which. For widows and grown-up unmarried women must be specified if they live from own means or perform any industry, such as lodgings, sewing, trading, etc., or if they have any specific occupation.
For lodgers or visitors the occupation must also be included. For craftsmen and others running industries, etc. must be specified what kind of industry they run; for instance it is not sufficient to write craftsman, factory owner, factory manager, etc., please specify shoemaker, tile works owner, sawmill manager etc.
For secretaries, clerks, watchmen, engineers, coal shufflers etc. must be specified in what kind of trade they are employed. For workers, lodgers and day labourers add the factory etc. where they worked at Census time or where they worked, e g in agriculture, saw mill, brewery etc.
Each occupation must be specified so that it is known if the person runs the institution etc. as employer or commercially, as independent worker on own account or whether he works in the service of others as manager, foreman, journeyman, apprentice or worker.
As unemployed ("I") are counted those who on Census day were without work (except due to illness, inability to work or work conflict), but who usually were employed at work or in some other subordinate position.
In the case of all such positions which might be both private and public, the character of the position must be noted (e.g., higher or medium civil servant in the service of the state or municipality, teacher at private school etc.). Person living mainly from their fortune, pensions, life interests or public support should be thus characterized together with their occupation, if at all significant.
Persons previously employed in private enterprise, as civil servants etc., get "fv." Put before their occupation.

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Sweden 1880 — source variable SE1880A_0451 — Status information in occupation string

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Sweden 1890 — source variable SE1890A_0472 — Status information in occupation string
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____ Occupation (office, trade)

Column 3
____ Occupation (office, service, trade)

Column 3
____ Occupation (office, service, trade)

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f. The enumeration form is divided into 14 columns with the following content:

Col. 3: That, if possible, an accurate and complete information should be provided about occupation, office, service or trade (for example landlord, farmer, tenant farmer, crofter, settler, saw mill owner, shoemaker, tailor, shoemaker apprentice, tailor apprentice, domestic worker, servant, poor, vagrant, prisoner etcetera). It should not only be written "worker" or "factory worker", instead additional information should be provided (for example: farm worker, saw mill worker, worker at N. N. match factory etcetera). An occupation should also be recorded for a woman if she exercises an occupation or a trade. If someone has more than one occupation they should all be recorded. The first occupation should be regarded as the main occupation. Also if a person formerly has had an occupation, but currently is without employment, the former occupation may be recorded. An occupation can also be recorded, to ensure the possibility of future identification of a person, if the person is commonly called by the name of a profession. Similarly some titles can be recorded (for example farmer and former sergeant, landlord and chamberlain) while other titles that do not give information about service, occupation or trade are of no value for the listing of occupations.


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Sweden 1900 — source variable SE1900A_0472 — Status information in occupation string
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Column 2
____ Occupation (service, trade)
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Column 2

1. Occupation (office or trade) should be recorded as accurately as possible, not only for a man but also for a woman who has or performs in a trade, office or occupation. It should not only be written worker, factory worker, journeyman, widow etcetera, but instead brick yard worker, journeyman tailor, textile mill worker, practicing copper smith etcetera. If someone has more than one occupation the main occupation is recorded. For every household head some manner of living should be recorded even if it is not a proper occupation. Examples can be pensioner, dependent tenant, pauper, asylum tenant etcetera.


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Sweden 1910 — source variable SE1910A_0451 — Status information in occupation string
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Enumeration form for the 1910 census (all counties except the city of Stockholm)

Column 2
____ Occupation and the number of the written occupation statement
____ Ethnicity (mention if foreign ethnicity)
____ Disability (epilepsy, mentally ill, idiot, blind, deaf-mute)

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Instructions for filling out the enumeration forms
(Compare the following instructions with the attached example form)
On filling out the form for extracts from the parish book the following rules should be followed.

Column 2

a. As occupation should be recorded the office or trade from which the person earns his living. Titles such as “master in law with court training”, “doctor of philosophy”, “juryman”, “miss”, “dowager” may not be recorded as occupations. Occupation should be recorded as accurately as possible in order to explain from what work the person gets his livelihood. Such designations as “director”, “factory owner”, “engineer”, “craftsman”, “bookkeeper”, “machine operator”, “stoker”, “worker” should not be used without stating in what trade or in which company the person is occupied, instead occupation should be given as: “director of a joint stock company”, “tobacco factory owner”, “master painter”, “merchant bookkeeper”, “machine operator at a public bath”, “match factory worker”. The occupation statement should also describe if the person is self employed or works as an employee. In the latter case designations such as “carpenter”, “tin-smith” should be replaced by “carpenter journeyman”, “tin-smith worker” etcetera - If someone has more than one occupation the main occupation is recorded – For a person who temporarily is out of work his latest occupation should be recorded – For a person who no longer works the former trade or office should be recorded with the addition of the letters “f. d.” (“former”), for example “former captain in the royal navy”, “former master shoemaker”- For a widow who don’t have an occupation of her own the occupation of her deceased husband should be recorded, for example “shopkeeper widow” – A person who gets most of his subsistence from the relief of the poor should be designated as “pauper” – Occupations should be recorded also for wives and for other members of the household if they have an occupation, office or trade. For a person who has given a written statement about occupation, as described in the royal decrees of the 10th of June and the 30th of September, should in this column alongside the occupation designation also the number of the written occupation statement be recorded.