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Relationship information in occupation string

Codes and Frequencies

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OCRELATE preserves inconsistently available information in responses to occupational questions. It is modified from the HISCO subsidiary coding scheme "RELATION." The purpose of OCRELATE is to retain information about social and familial relationships around a person's occupation.

For example, some respondents indicated that they were a "laborer's wife." In this case the response received the occupational (OCCHISCO) code for not having an occupation, and the OCRELATE code for wife (10) to indicate that they were related as a wife to a worker.

Changes from the HISCO RELATION codes
We have removed the "temporal relationships" category from the OCRELATE codes and moved them to OCSTATUS. We felt that "former or retired" and "future" relationships to work were better described as status designators. Future relationships to an occupation were often people describing themselves as students or apprentices in specified professions and trades.


This variable is only available for Norway, Sweden, 1881 Canada, and 1801 Iceland.


  • Canada 1881: All persons
  • Iceland 1801: All persons
  • Norway 1865: All persons
  • Norway 1875: All persons
  • Norway 1900: All persons
  • Sweden 1880: All persons
  • Sweden 1890: All persons
  • Sweden 1900: All persons
  • Sweden 1910: All persons


  • Canada: 1881
  • Iceland: 1801
  • Norway: 1865, 1875, 1900, 1910
  • Sweden: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910