Questionnaire Text

Great Britain 1851a Great Britain 1871b Great Britain 1891a Great Britain 1901b
Great Britain 1861a Great Britain 1881a Great Britain 1891b Great Britain 1911
Great Britain 1861b Great Britain 1881b Great Britain 1901a
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Great Britain 1851a — source variable GB1851A_0416 — Occupation
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Instruction to the enumerator

For his guidance in completing and correcting the column headed "Rank, profession, or occupation".

It is desirable not only that the return of the rank, profession, or occupation of every person in Great Britain should be complete and accurate, but also that the particulars should be entered on a uniform plan. To assist the Enumerator, the following detailed instructions, with numerous examples, have been drawn up.

He is requested to see in every case, before leaving the house, that the column for rank and occupation, as well as the rest of the Householder's Schedule, is correctly filled in conformity with the instructions.

The Superior titles of Peers and other persons of rank are to be inserted, as well as high office which they may hold. Magistrates, aldermen, and other important public officers to state their profession after their official title.

Examples:
Duke of ----- ; Lord Lieutenant of ----- shire.
Baronet, M.P.
Baron of the Exchequer.
Stipendiary Magistrate.
Vicar of Sutton; Justice of the Peace.
Commissioner in Bankruptcy.
Alderman; Grocer (Master employing 10 men).
Clerk of Peace; Solicitor.


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Great Britain 1861a — source variable GB1861A_0416 — Occupation
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Instructions for filling up the column headed "Rank, Profession or Occupation."

The Superior Titles of peers and the other Persons of Rank to be inserted, as well as any high office which they may hold. Magistrates, Aldermen and other important public officers to state their profession after their official title.

Army and Navy- Add after the rank, "Army," "Artillery," "Royal Navy," “Royal Engineers, " "Mariners," "East India Service," as the case may be. Officers on "half- pay," or "retired, " to be so described. Chelsea, Greenwich, and other Pensioners, to be so designated
Persons in the Civil Service to state the Department to which they are attached, after their rank; those on the Superannuation List to be so distinguished.

Clergymen of the Church of England to return themselves as "Rector of ____," "Vicar of _____," "Curate of ____," etc., or "without cure of souls. " They are requested not to employ the indefinite term "Clerk". Roman Catholic Priests, and Minister of Foreign Churches, to return themselves as such, and to state the name of the church or chapel in which they officiate. Dissenting Ministers to return themselves as "Independent Minister, of ____ Chapel," "Wesleyan Minister, of ____ Chapel," etc. Local or occasional preachers must return their ordinary occupations; but may add "Local Methodist preacher,"etc., etc.

Legal profession- Barristers, to state whether or not in actual practice; Officers of any Court, etc., to state the description of office and name of Court. The designation "Attorney" or "Solicitor" to be confined to those whose names are actually upon the Roll. Clerks in Solicitors' offices should distinguish whether Solicitor's Managing, Articled, or General Clerk.

Members of the Medical profession to state the University, College, or Hall of which they are Graduates, Fellows, or Licentiates; also whether they practice as Physician, Surgeon, Dentist, Oculist, General Practitioner, etc., or are "not practicing".

Professors, Teachers, Public writers, Authors and Scientific men -- to state the particular branch of Science or Literature which they teach or pursue; Artists, the art which they cultivate. Graduates should their degrees in this column.

Persons engaged in commerce, as Merchants, Brokers, Agents, Commercial travellers, to state in all cases the particular kind of business in which they are engaged, or the staple in which they chiefly deal. Members of the Stock Exchange, East India Merchants, etc., may be so described.

Commercial Clerk-always add in what branch of business. [Note: Clerks in the Civil Service, and in Solicitors’ officers, should be distinguied as above directed.]

The term farmer to be applied only to the occupier of land. Example: “Farmer of 317 acres, employing 8 laborers and 3 boys;" the actual number of acres, and of men and boys employed on the far, on April 8th, being in all cases inserted. Sons or daughters employed at home or on the farm, may be returned: "Farmer's son," "Farmer's daughter." Farm Servants sleeping in the Farmer’s house must be described in the schedule as "Carter," "Dairymaid," etc., as the case may be.

An out- door Laborer working on a farm must be described as "Agricultural Laborer;" "Shepard," etc., as the case may be.

In Trades, Manufactures, or other Business, the Employer must, in all cases, be distinguished; Example: "Carpenter-Master, employing 6 men and 2 boys;" inserting always the number of persons of the trade in his employ, if any, on April 8th. In the case of Firms, the number of persons employed should be returned by one partner only.

In the case of Workers in Mines or Manufactures, and generally in the Arts, the particular branch of Work, and the Material, are always to be distinctly expressed if they are not implied in the names, as in "Coal-miner," "Brass-founder," "Silk-throwster". Where the trade is much subdivided, both Trade and Branch are to be returned thus: "Watchmaker-finisher;" "Printer-compositor".

Artisans and Mechanics should invariable state their particular branch of art or business.

Weaver should always write "Silk," "Wool," "Worsted," "Cotton," etc., before this general term, so as to express distinctly the material he weaves, thus: "Silk- Weaver."

Messengers, Porters, Laborers, and Servants, to be described according to the place and nature of their employment on the day of the Census.

A person following more than one distinct Business should insert his several occupation in the order of their importance.

Persons following no profession, trade, or calling and holding no public office, but deriving their income chiefly from land, houses, mines, dividends, interest of money, annuities, etc., may designate themselves "landed proprietor," "proprietor of iron mines," "proprietor of houses," "fund-holder," etc. as the case may be. Persons of advanced age who have retired from business may be entered thus: "retired farmer," "retired grocer", etc.

Persons in Almshouses, after being described as such, should state their previous occupation inserted.

Women and children to be entered according to the above Instructions. The occupations of those who are regularly employed from home, or who follow any business at home, to be distinctly recorded. Against the names of children, daily attending school, or receiving regular tuition, write "Scholar."

List the members of this family, of visitors, and of servants, who slept or abode in this dwelling on the night of Sunday, April 7th, 1861.

Rank, profession, or occupation
Before filling in this column, you are requested to read the instructions on the other side.

[See: instructions for filling up the column headed "rank, profession or occupation."]
____ Rank, profession, or occupation

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Duties of the enumerator on Monday, April 8th
[10] Early on the morning on Monday, April 8th, commence the enumeration of your district, having provided yourself with [1] a pencil, or pen and ink- [if the latter, blotting paper will also be required], [2] some blank householder's schedules, and [3] your "memorandum book". It will be useful to take with you also a piece of strong paper, a portfolio, or a bag, in which to carry the schedules collected. The greatest care must be taken that none of the schedules are lost.
[11] You should, if possible, visit every home on Monday, April 8th; but if at the end of the day any house remains unvisited, you must conclude your task on Tuesday, April 9th.
[12] In addition to the instructions given in your "memorandum book", the following are to be carefully attended to on visiting each house:-
If the schedule is given to you filled up, you must examine it to see if all the particulars appear to be correctly entered, and ask any questions which may be necessary to satisfy yourself upon this point; and when any errors are discovered, you must draw a line through the erroneous words without erasing them, and enter the correct words over them in proper columns. You should pay particular attention to the column headed "Rank, Profession, or Occupation," taking care that what is inserted under that head is in conformity with the instructions. You should also see the Christian names of persons described as wife, son, daughter and c, are consistent with their descriptions as Male [M] or Female [F], and with their occupation, and c.
If an inquiry for the schedule is delivered to you not filled up, you must fill it up yourself, asking all necessary questions. You should, if possible, see the "occupier" for that purpose, and obtain the information from him. In the absence of the occupier, any other competent member of the family may supply the required particulars. When filling up a schedule yourself, you may use such contractions as are mentioned in the "enumeration book," p. ii.
If the schedule is lost or mislaid, you must supply a fresh one from the reserve in your possession; number it, and proceed to fill up the particulars as before directed, after which you should read it over to the occupier or person in charge of the house or apartment, who should sign it at the foot with his or her name or mark.
You should be very careful that no member of the family sleeping in the house or lodgings on the night of April 7th is omitted from the schedule; and that no inmate who was then absent is inserted except those TRAVELLING OR OUT AT WORK DURING THAT NIGHT, and who return home on Monday, April 8th, all of whom must be entered in the schedule.
In case of refusal to fill up the schedule, or to answer the questions which you are authorized to put, remind the person so refusing of the penalty imposed by the Act of Parliament. In like manner warn any person you suspect of giving willfully false information. If the person still refuses to give any information or to give correct information, note the fact in your "Memorandum book" and report the refusal to the registrar as soon as possible.
You must not omit to take an account of persons because you cannot get all the information required respecting them. If, for example, you can learn no more than that a person had slept in the house on the night of April 7th, who had since gone away and whose name was unknown, you must not fail to enter such a person in the schedule of the house or in a separate schedule, stating the sex and the probable age (whether probably above or under 20, if more precise information cannot be obtained), and writing "Not known," or "N.K." where the name and other particulars should be.
[13] Prepare the list of "Persons not in houses," in conformity with the instruction. [See memorandum book.]

Correction of the column headed- Rank, Profession, or Occupation
[17] It is desirable not only that the return of the rank, profession or occupation of every person in England should be completed and accurate, but also that the particulars should be entered on a uniform plan. Although special instructions on this head are printed on the householder's schedule, instances of defective information will doubtless be of frequent occurrence. It will be your duty in entering the schedules in the enumeration book (if you have not already done so on receiving the schedules from the occupiers, as above directed,) to correct any incomplete descriptions of occupations. For your guidance in correcting incomplete descriptions the following examples and instructions are given:

Examples and instructions for entering more correct descriptions

  • Incomplete descriptions
  • Agent???????.. State particular branch; as Land Agent, Brewer's Agent, Lead Agent.
  • Almsman??????.State former or present occupation; as Almsman (agricultural laborer).
  • Bleacher??????..State the manufacture or material; as Cotton Bleacher, Lace Bleacher.
  • Broker???????..State the branch of business; as Wool Broker, Furniture Broker.
  • Button-maker?????State the material; as Metal Button-maker, Bone Button-maker.
  • Carder???????... State the manufacture of material; as Wool Carder, Cotton Carder
  • Clerk????????..No person whatever should be described as Clerk simply, but as Banker's clerk, Silk mercer's Clerk, Parish Clerk, and c.
  • Coachman??????..Coachman (Domestic Servant), Omnibus Coachman.
  • Collar-maker?????.. Horse Collar-maker, Dog Collar-maker, Shirt Collar-maker.
  • Collector???????.Rent Collector, Rate Collector, Toll Collector.
  • Contractor??????..Road Contractor, Railway Contractor.
  • Cook????????..Cook (Domestic Servant), Cook (Professed).
  • Cutter????????. State the manufacture or trade; as Lace Cutter, Needle Cutter.
  • Draper????????.Woollen Draper, Linen Draper.
  • Dresser???????..State the particular manufacture or material; as Silk Dresser, Worsted Dresser.
  • Engineer???????Civil Engineer to be so described; but a workman employed at an engine manufactory to be described as an Engine Smith, and not as an Engineer.
  • Engine-driver, ????. State whether in connection with a manufactory, or a railway, steam
  • Engine-feeder, vessel, and c; as Engine- Feeder at Cotton Factory, Railway Engine-
  • Engine-hand, driver.
  • Engine-worker
  • Factory-worker????.State the manufacture; as Silk Factory-worker, Cotton Factory-worker.
  • Feeder???????... State the manufacture; as Cotton feeder, Worsted feeder.
  • Finisher???????. State the manufacture; as Needle Finisher, Lace Finisher.
  • Fireman??????? This term should only be applied to men of the Fire Brigade.
  • Founder??????? State the Branch; as Brass Founder, Iron Founder.
  • Framework-knitter??? State the manufacture; as Stocking Framework-knitter.
  • Furnace-man?????. State the manufacture in which the furnace is used.
  • Gardener??????... Gardener (Domestic Servant), Gardener (Master).
  • Glove-maker, Glover?? State the material; as Glover (Leather), Glove-maker (Silk).
  • Handloom-weaver???. State the manufacture; as Silk Handloom-weaver.
  • Inspector??????? State further particulars as to nature of his office.
  • Jobber???????? State the nature of his employment.
  • Keeper???????.. Gamekeeper, Lodge keeper, Keeper in a Lunatic Asylum.
  • Labourer??????.. State the branch of labour; as Agricultural Labourer, Dock Labourer.
  • Machine-worker???.. State the manufacture in which machine is employed.
  • Manufacturer????? State the manufacture in which engaged; as Earthenware Manufacturer, Cotton Manufacturer.
  • Mechanic?????.....State the branch of business or manufacture in which he works.
  • Merchant??????.. State the particular branch of business; as East India Merchant, Timber Merchant.
  • Miner????????. State invariably the particular metals or minerals; as Iron-miner, Coal-miner, Copper-miner, Lead-miner, Tin-miner, Copper and Tin-miner.
  • Moulder??????? State the particular manufacture; as Iron-moulder, Brass-moulder.
  • Nurse????????. Nurse at Hospital, Nurse (Domestic Servant).
  • Officer????? Officers of Volunteers should return their usual occupations.
  • Overlooker???.. State the manufacture, and c; as Overlooker in a Cotton Factory.
  • Painter?????. Painter and Plumber; Portrait Painter, Herald Painter.
  • Pensioner????. Chelsea Pensioner, Greenwich Pensioner, East India Pensioner. (If engaged in any occupation it should likewise be stated.)
  • Powerloom-weaver.. State the branch of manufacture; as Wool Powerloom-weaver.
  • Quarrier???? State the particular material; as Stone Quarrier, Slate Quarrier.
  • Sailor?????. Seaman, R.N.; Seaman (Merchant Service).
  • Salesman????. Meat Salesman, Cattle Salesman, Clothes Salesman.
  • Servant????? Domestic Servant, Farm Servant.
  • Shopkeeper, Shopman.... State the branch of Business.
  • Smith???????...Blacksmith, Whitesmith, Engine-smith.
  • Stoker???????.. A man who attends to the fire in a factory or on board a steam-vessel should be described as Stoker in a Steam Vessel, Stoker in a Silk Factory and c.
  • Timekeeper?????. Omnibus Timekeeper, Railway Timekeeper.
  • Watchman?????.. Private Watchman, Watchman in a Cotton Factory.
  • Warehouseman???? If a Manchester Warehouseman, to be so described.
  • Weaver??????? State the branch of manufacture; as Silk Weaver, Cotton Weaver.
  • Winder??????? State the branch of manufacture; as Silk Winder, Cotton Winder.



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Great Britain 1861b — source variable GB1861B_0416 — Occupation
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Rank, profession, or occupation

____ Rank, profession, or occupation

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Correction of the column headed- Rank, Profession, or Occupation
[17] It is desirable not only that the return of the rank, profession or occupation of every person in England should be completed and accurate, but also that the particulars should be entered on a uniform plan. Although special instructions on this head are printed on the householder's schedule, instances of defective information will doubtless be of frequent occurrence. It will be your duty in entering the schedules in the enumeration book (if you have not already done so on receiving the schedules from the occupiers, as above directed,) to correct any incomplete descriptions of occupations. For your guidance in correcting incomplete descriptions the following examples and instructions are given:

Examples and instructions for entering more correct descriptions

  • Incomplete descriptions
  • Agent???????.. State particular branch; as Land Agent, Brewer's Agent, Lead Agent.
  • Almsman??????.State former or present occupation; as Almsman (agricultural laborer).
  • Bleacher??????..State the manufacture or material; as Cotton Bleacher, Lace Bleacher.
  • Broker???????..State the branch of business; as Wool Broker, Furniture Broker.
  • Button-maker?????State the material; as Metal Button-maker, Bone Button-maker.
  • Carder???????... State the manufacture of material; as Wool Carder, Cotton Carder
  • Clerk????????..No person whatever should be described as Clerk simply, but as Banker's clerk, Silk mercer's Clerk, Parish Clerk, etc.
  • Coachman??????..Coachman (Domestic Servant), Omnibus Coachman.
  • Collar-maker?????.. Horse Collar-maker, Dog Collar-maker, Shirt Collar-maker.
  • Collector???????.Rent Collector, Rate Collector, Toll Collector.
  • Contractor??????..Road Contractor, Railway Contractor.
  • Cook????????..Cook (Domestic Servant), Cook (Professed).
  • Cutter????????. State the manufacture or trade; as Lace Cutter, Needle Cutter.
  • Draper????????.Woollen Draper, Linen Draper.
  • Dresser???????..State the particular manufacture or material; as Silk Dresser, Worsted Dresser.
  • Engineer???????Civil Engineer to be so described; but a workman employed at an engine manufactory to be described as an Engine Smith, and not as an Engineer.
  • Engine-driver ????. State whether in connection with a manufactory, or a railway, steam
  • Engine-feeder, vessel, etc.; as Engine- Feeder at Cotton Factory, Railway Engine-
  • Engine-hand, driver.
  • Engine-worker
  • Factory-worker????.State the manufacture; as Silk Factory-worker, Cotton Factory-worker.
  • Feeder???????... State the manufacture; as Cotton feeder, Worsted feeder.
  • Finisher???????. State the manufacture; as Needle Finisher, Lace Finisher.
  • Fireman??????? This term should only be applied to men of the Fire Brigade.
  • Founder??????? State the Branch; as Brass Founder, Iron Founder.
  • Framework-knitter??? State the manufacture; as Stocking Framework-knitter.
  • Furnace-man?????. State the manufacture in which the furnace is used.
  • Gardener??????... Gardener (Domestic Servant), Gardener (Master).
  • Glove-maker, Glover?? State the material; as Glover (Leather), Glove-maker (Silk).
  • Handloom-weaver???. State the manufacture; as Silk Handloom-weaver.
  • Inspector??????? State further particulars as to nature of his office.
  • Jobber???????? State the nature of his employment.
  • Keeper???????.. Gamekeeper, Lodge keeper, Keeper in a Lunatic Asylum.
  • Labourer??????.. State the branch of labour; as Agricultural Labourer, Dock Labourer.
  • Machine-worker???.. State the manufacture in which machine is employed.
  • Manufacturer????? State the manufacture in which engaged; as Earthenware Manufacturer, Cotton Manufacturer.
  • Mechanic?????.....State the branch of business or manufacture in which he works.
  • Merchant??????.. State the particular branch of business; as East India Merchant, Timber Merchant.
  • Miner????????. State invariably the particular metals or minerals; as Iron-miner, Coal-miner, Copper-miner, Lead-miner, Tin-miner, Copper and Tin-miner.
  • Moulder??????? State the particular manufacture; as Iron-moulder, Brass-moulder.
  • Nurse????????. Nurse at Hospital, Nurse (Domestic Servant).
  • Officer????? Officers of Volunteers should return their usual occupations.
  • Overlooker???.. State the manufacture, etc.; as Overlooker in a Cotton Factory.
  • Painter?????. Painter and Plumber; Portrait Painter, Herald Painter.
  • Pensioner????. Chelsea Pensioner, Greenwich Pensioner, East India Pensioner. (If engaged in any occupation it should likewise be stated.)
  • Powerloom-weaver.. State the branch of manufacture; as Wool Powerloom-weaver.
  • Quarrier???? State the particular material; as Stone Quarrier, Slate Quarrier.
  • Sailor?????. Seaman, R.N.; Seaman (Merchant Service).
  • Salesman????. Meat Salesman, Cattle Salesman, Clothes Salesman.
  • Servant????? Domestic Servant, Farm Servant.
  • Shopkeeper, Shopman.... State the branch of Business.
  • Smith???????...Blacksmith, Whitesmith, Engine-smith.
  • Stoker???????.. A man who attends to the fire in a factory or on board a steam-vessel should be described as Stoker in a Steam Vessel, Stoker in a Silk Factory etc.
  • Timekeeper?????. Omnibus Timekeeper, Railway Timekeeper.
  • Watchman?????.. Private Watchman, Watchman in a Cotton Factory.
  • Warehouseman???? If a Manchester Warehouseman, to be so described.
  • Weaver??????? State the branch of manufacture; as Silk Weaver, Cotton Weaver.
  • Winder??????? State the branch of manufacture; as Silk Winder, Cotton Winder.

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Great Britain 1871b — source variable GB1871B_0416 — Occupation
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Instructions for filling up the column headed "Rank, Profession or Occupation."

A person following more distinct occupations than one, should insert them in the order of their importance.

1. The Superior Titles of peers and the other Persons of Rank to be inserted, as well as any important office which they may hold.

2. Members of Parliament, Magistrates, Councilors and other important public officers to state their profession or occupations, in any, after their official rank or title.

3. All persons serving in the Army and Navy to state their rank and branch of the service to which they belong Officers to state whether on the Active or Retired List; Chelsea, Greenwich, and other Pensioners, to be so designated

4. All persons in the Civil Service to state their rank, and the department or branch to which they belong; those retired or superannuated to be distinguished.

5. Ministers of Religion- Clergy of the Church of Scotland to return themselves as "Minister of ____ Parish," "Assistant Minister of _____ Parish," or "Minister of Establish Church (no charge)." Episcopalian Clergymen, Roman Catholic Priests, and Minister of Foreign Churches, to return themselves as such, and to state the name of the church or chapel in which they officiate. Dissenting Ministers to return themselves as "Minister of ____ Free Church," "Minister of ____ United Presbyterian Chapel," "Minister of ____ Independent Chapel," etc. Local or occasional preachers must return their ordinary occupations; but may add "Local Methodist preacher,"etc., etc.

6. Legal profession- Advocates, to state whether or not they are in actual practice. Advocates in Aberdeen will add the words "in Aberdeen" to the description "Advocate." The designation "Writer to the Signet," or "Solicitor" to be confined to those whose names are actually upon the Roll. Other persons practicing the law to designate themselves as "Writer," Procurator," etc., according to circumstances. Advocates’ clerks are so to return themselves. Clerks in lawyers’ offices should state whether they are managing, apprenticed, or general clerk.

7. Members of the Medical profession to state whether they practice as physician, surgeon, dentist, oculist, general practitioner, assistant, etc., or are "not practicing". They must also state the University or other Society of which they are Graduates, Fellows, or Licentiates.

8. Professors, Teachers, Public writers, Authors, and Scientific men -- to state the particular branch of Science or Literature which they follow; Artists, the art which they cultivate. Graduates should their degrees in this column.

9. Students of Theology, Law, Medicine, or Arts, of any University to be so returned.

10. Scholars- Children or young person attending a school, or receiving regular instruction at home, to be returned as "Scholars."

11. Landowners- Proprietors of land in Scotland, being agricultural land pasturage, moor, or woodland, in addition to their rank or occupation, to state that they are landowners. But no person to be so described in respect of land attached to a house or houses, and not exceeding one acre in extent.

12. Farmers- This term is to be applied only to the occupier of land, who are to state the number of acres occupied, and the number of men, women, and boys employed on the farm on April 3rd. Examples: "Farmer of 317 acres (of which 105 arable), employing 8 laborers and 3 boys." Sons or daughters employed at home or on the farm, may be returned- "Farmer's son," "Farmer's daughter." Men employed on the farm and sleeping in the farmer’s house must be described in the schedule as farm servants.

13. Agricultural labourers, shepherds, and others employed on farms, but not living in the famer’s house, must be desribed as agricultural labourers, shepherds, etc.

14. Persons engaged in commerce, as Merchants, Brokers, Agents, etc., to state in all cases the particular branch of Commerce in which they are engaged, or the staple in which they chiefly deal. Examples: "East India Merchant," "Members of the ____ Stock Exchange," "Cotton Broker." Commercial Clerk, Commercial Traveller, Shopman- always add what branch of business.

15. In Trades, manufactures, or other business masters must, in all cases, be distinguished; Example: "Carpenter-Master, employing 6 men and 2 boys;" inserting always the number of persons of the trade in his employ, if any, on April 3rd. In the case of Firms, the number of persons employed should be returned by the senior or someone partner only.

16. Workers in mines or manufactures, and generally in the Mechanical Arts, should distinctly state the particular branch of work, and the material, if they are not implied in the names, as in coal-miner, brass-founder, silk-throwster. where the trade is much subdivided, both trade and branch are to be returned thus: "watchmaker-finisher;" "printer-compositor".

17. Engineers- Civil Engineers to be so described. Workmen employed in works or factories are to be distinctly described. Example: "Engine Smith at Factory," "Engine Fitter at Works." Engine Drivers, Stokers, and Firemen, to be described in connection with the manufactory, railway, steam- vessel, etc. in which they are employed. Examples: "Railway Engine Driver," "Stoker in Cotton Factory." "Engineer" alone is not to be used.

18. Artisans and mechanics should invariable state their particular branch of mechanical art or business in which they are employed.

19. Weaver- "Silk," "Wool," "Worsted," "Cotton," etc., should always be written before this general term, so as to express distinctly the material he weaves, thus: "Silk- Weaver."

20. Domestic servants should be described according to the nature of their service, adding in all cases "Domestic Servant." Examples: "Coachman- Domestic Servant;" "Gardner- Domestic Servant."

21. Messengers, porters, laborers, to be described according to the nature of their employment on the day of the Census. Examples: "Railway Porter," "Bricklayer’s Laborer," "Laborer in Iron Works."

22. Persons ordinarily engaged in some industry, but out of employment on April 3rd, should be so described, as "Coalminer, unemployed," "Printer, unemployed."

23. Persons following no profession, trade, or Calling and holding no public office, but deriving their incomes chiefly from houses, dividends, interest of money, annuities, etc., may describe themselves accordingly. The indefinite terms Gentleman, squire, are not to be used. Persons who have retired from business may be entered thus: "Retired Farmer," "Retired Grocer."

24. Women and children- The occupations of those who are regularly employed from home, or who follow any business at home, is to be distinctly recorded. See also instruction number 10.

Table No. 14- Householder’s Schedule

List the members of this family, of visitors, and of servants, who slept or abode in this dwelling on the night of Sunday, April 2nd, 1871.

5. Rank, profession, or occupation
Before filling in this column, you are requested to read the Instructions on the other side.

[See: Instructions for filling up the column headed "Rank, profession or occupation."]


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Great Britain 1881a — source variable GB1881A_0416 — Occupation
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Householder's Schedule

Prepared under the direction of the Local Government Board, pursuant to the Act of 43 and 44 Vict. c. 37.

To the Occupier

You are requested to insert the particulars specified on the other side, in compliance with an Act passed during the last Session of Parliament, and which received the Royal assent on the 7th September 1880

List of the members of this family, of visitors, of boarders, and of servants, who slept or abode in this dwelling on the night of Sunday, April 3rd, 1881

6. Rank, Profession, or Occupation.

A person following more distinct occupations than one, should insert each of them in order of their importance.

(a) The Titles of peers and other persons of rank to be inserted, as any important Office they may hold.

(b) Members of Parliament, Magistrates, Alderamen, and other important public Officers, to state their profession or occupation, if any, after their official rank or title.

(c) All persons serving in the Army and Navy, to state their rank and the branch to which they belong. Officers to state whether on the Active or Retired List; Chelsea, Greenwich, and other Pensioners, to be so designated.

(d) All persons in the Civil Service to state their rank, and the department or branch to which they belong; those retired or superannuated to be so designated.

(e) Ministers of religion: CLERGYMEN of the Church of England to return themselves as "Rector of --," Vicar of--," Curate of --," etc., or "without cure of souls." They are requested not to employ the indefinite term "Clerk." Roman Catholic Priests, and Ministers of Foreign Churches, to return themselves as such, and to state the name of the church or chapel, if any, in which they officiate. Dissenting Ministers to return themselves as "Independent Minister of -- Chapel," "Wesleyan Minister of -- Chapel," etc. Local or occasional preachers must return their ordinary occupations ; but may add "Local Methodist preacher," etc., etc.

(f) Legal Profession: Barristers to state whether or not they are in actual practice. The designation Solicitor to be confined to those whose names are actually on the Roll. Barristers' Clerks are so to return themselves. Clerks in Solicitors' Offices should state whether they are Solicitors Managing, Articled, or General Clerk. Officers of any Court to state the name of the Office, and the name of the Court.

(g) Members of the Medical Profession to state whether they practice as Physician, Surgeon, Dentist, Oculist, General Practitioner, Assistant, etc., or are "not practicing." They must also state the University or other Society of which they are Graduates, Fellows, or Licentiates.

(h) Professors, Teachers, Public Writers, Authors and Scientific MeN: to state the particular branch or Science or Literature which they follow; Artists, the art which they cultivate. Graduates should enter their degrees in this column.

(i) Students of Theology, Law, or Medicine, and Undergraduates of any University, to be so returned.

(j) Scholars: Children or young persons attending a School, or receiving regular instruction at home, to be returned as "Scholars".

(k) Farmers to state the number of acres occupied, and the number of men, women, and boys employed on the farm at the time of the Census. -- Example:"Farmer of 317 Acres, employing 8 Labourers and 3 Boys." Sons or Daughters employed at home or on the farm should be returned--"Farmer's Son," "Farmer's Daughter." Men employed on the farm and sleeping in the Farmer's house must be described in the schedule as Farm Servants.

(l) Agricultural Labourers, Shepherds, and other employed on Farms, but not living in the Farmer's house, must be described as Agricultural Labourers, Shepherds, etc.

(m) Persons engaged in commerce as Merchants, Brokers, Agents, etc., to state in all cases the particular branch of Commerce in which they are engaged or the staple in which they chiefly deal. -- Examples: "East India Merchant," "Member of -- Stock Exchange," "Cotton Broker." Commercial Clerk, Commercial Traveller, Shopman -- always to add in what branch of business.

(n) In trades, manufactures or other Business, Masters must, in all cases, be so designated.--Example: "Carpenter--Master, employing 6 men and 2 boys; inserting always the number of workpeople in their employ at the time of the Census. In the case of Firms, the number of persons employed should be returned by the senior or some one partner only.

(o) Workers in Manufactures, and generally in the Mechanical Arts, should distinctly state the particular Branch of Work, and the Material, if they are not implied in the names, as in Brass-founder, Silk-throwster. Where the trade is much sub-divided, both trade and branch are to be returned, thus -- "Watchmaker--Finisher;" "Printer--Compositor."

(p) Miners should state the description of Mine in which they work. --Examples: "Coal Miner," "Iron Miner," Lead Miner," "Tin Miner," "Copper Miner," etc. The term Miner should never be used alone.

(q) Engineers: Civil Engineers and Mining Engineers to be so described. Workmen employed in works or factories are to be distinctly described. --Examples: "Engine Smith at Factory," "Engine Fitter at Works." Engine Drivers, Stokers, and Firemen to be described in connection with the manufactory, railway, steam-vessel, etc., in which they are employed. --Examples: "Railway Engine Driver," "Stoker in Cotton Factory," "Engineer" alone is not to be used.

(r) Artisans and Mechanics should invariably sate the particular branch of mechanical art or business in which they are employed. --Examples: "Model Maker--Engine," "Wire Worker--Telegraph."

(s) Weaver. --"Silk," "Wool," "Worsted," "Cotton," etc., should always be written before this general term, so as to express distinctly the material which he weaves; thus, "Silk Weaver."

(t) Domestic Servants should be described according to the nature of their service, adding in all cases "Domestic Servant." --Example: "Coachman-Domestic Servant;" "Gardener-Domestic Servant;" "Cook-Domestic Servant."

(u) Messengers, Porters, Laborers, to be described according to the nature of their employment. -- Examples: "Railway Porter," "Bricklayer's Laborer," "Laborer in Iron Works," "General Laborer." The term Laborer should never be used alone.

(v) Persons ordinarily engaged in some industry, but Out of Employment at the time of the Census, should be so described: as "Coal Miner, unemployed;" "Printer, unemployed."

(w) Persons following no profession, trade or calling, and holding no public office, but deriving their incomes chiefly from land, houses, dividends, interest of money, annuities, etc., may describe themselves accordingly. The indefinite terms Gentleman, Esquire, are not to be used. Persons who have retired from business to be entered thus--"Retired Farmer," "Retired Grocer."

(x) Women and children: The occupation of those who are regularly employed from home, or who follow any business at home, is to be distinctly recorded.
Rank, Profession, or Occupation? ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Chapter 37: An Act for taking the Census of England.

[7th September 1880.]

Schedules shall be prepared by or under the direction 2 of the said Board for the purpose of being filled up by or on "behalf of the several occupiers of dwelling houses as hereinafter provided, with particulars of the name, sex, age, rank, profession or occupation, condition as to marriage, relation to head of family, and birth-place of every living person who abode in every house on the night of Sunday the third day of April one thousand eight hundred and eighty-one, and also whether any were blind, or deaf and dumb, or imbecile or lunatic; and the registrars in England shall in the course of the week ending on Saturday the second day of April in the said year one thousand eight hundred and eighty-one leave or cause to be left at every dwelling-house within their respective sub-districts one or more of the said schedules for the occupier or occupiers thereof or of any part thereof, and upon every such schedule shall be plainly expressed that it is to be filled up by the occupier of such dwelling-house, (or where such dwelling-house is let or sub-let in different stories or apartments, and occupied distinctly by different persons or families, by the occupier of each such distinct story or apartment,) and that the enumerator will collect all such schedules within his division on the Monday then next following.


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Great Britain 1881b — source variable GB1881B_0416 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

To the Occupier

You are requested to insert the particulars specified on the other side, in compliance with an Act passed during the last Session of Parliament, and which received the Royal assent on the 7th September 1880

List of the members of this family, of visitors, of boarders, and of servants, who slept or abode in this dwelling on the night of Sunday, April 3rd, 1881

6. Rank, Profession, or Occupation.

A person following more distinct occupations than one, should insert each of them in order of their importance.

(a) The Titles of peers and other persons of rank to be inserted, as any important Office they may hold.

(b) Members of Parliament, Magistrates, Alderamen, and other important public Officers, to state their profession or occupation, if any, after their official rank or title.

(c) All persons serving in the Army and Navy, to state their rank and the branch to which they belong. Officers to state whether on the Active or Retired List; Chelsea, Greenwich, and other Pensioners, to be so designated.

(d) All persons in the Civil Service to state their rank, and the department or branch to which they belong; those retired or superannuated to be so designated.

(e) Ministers of religion: CLERGYMEN of the Church of England to return themselves as "Rector of --," Vicar of--," Curate of --," etc., or "without cure of souls." They are requested not to employ the indefinite term "Clerk." Roman Catholic Priests, and Ministers of Foreign Churches, to return themselves as such, and to state the name of the church or chapel, if any, in which they officiate. Dissenting Ministers to return themselves as "Independent Minister of -- Chapel," "Wesleyan Minister of -- Chapel," etc. Local or occasional preachers must return their ordinary occupations ; but may add "Local Methodist preacher," etc., etc.

(f) Legal Profession: Barristers to state whether or not they are in actual practice. The designation Solicitor to be confined to those whose names are actually on the Roll. Barristers' Clerks are so to return themselves. Clerks in Solicitors' Offices should state whether they are Solicitors Managing, Articled, or General Clerk. Officers of any Court to state the name of the Office, and the name of the Court.

(g) Members of the Medical Profession to state whether they practice as Physician, Surgeon, Dentist, Oculist, General Practitioner, Assistant, etc., or are "not practicing." They must also state the University or other Society of which they are Graduates, Fellows, or Licentiates.

(h) Professors, Teachers, Public Writers, Authors and Scientific MeN: to state the particular branch or Science or Literature which they follow; Artists, the art which they cultivate. Graduates should enter their degrees in this column.

(i) Students of Theology, Law, or Medicine, and Undergraduates of any University, to be so returned.

(j) Scholars: Children or young persons attending a School, or receiving regular instruction at home, to be returned as "Scholars".

(k) Farmers to state the number of acres occupied, and the number of men, women, and boys employed on the farm at the time of the Census. -- Example:"Farmer of 317 Acres, employing 8 Labourers and 3 Boys." Sons or Daughters employed at home or on the farm should be returned--"Farmer's Son," "Farmer's Daughter." Men employed on the farm and sleeping in the Farmer's house must be described in the schedule as Farm Servants.

(l) Agricultural Labourers, Shepherds, and other employed on Farms, but not living in the Farmer's house, must be described as Agricultural Labourers, Shepherds, etc.

(m) Persons engaged in commerce as Merchants, Brokers, Agents, etc., to state in all cases the particular branch of Commerce in which they are engaged or the staple in which they chiefly deal. -- Examples: "East India Merchant," "Member of -- Stock Exchange," "Cotton Broker." Commercial Clerk, Commercial Traveller, Shopman -- always to add in what branch of business.

(n) In trades, manufactures or other Business, Masters must, in all cases, be so designated.--Example: "Carpenter--Master, employing 6 men and 2 boys; inserting always the number of workpeople in their employ at the time of the Census. In the case of Firms, the number of persons employed should be returned by the senior or some one partner only.

(o) Workers in Manufactures, and generally in the Mechanical Arts, should distinctly state the particular Branch of Work, and the Material, if they are not implied in the names, as in Brass-founder, Silk-throwster. Where the trade is much sub-divided, both trade and branch are to be returned, thus -- "Watchmaker--Finisher;" "Printer--Compositor."

(p) Miners should state the description of Mine in which they work. --Examples: "Coal Miner," "Iron Miner," Lead Miner," "Tin Miner," "Copper Miner," etc. The term Miner should never be used alone.

(q) Engineers: Civil Engineers and Mining Engineers to be so described. Workmen employed in works or factories are to be distinctly described. --Examples: "Engine Smith at Factory," "Engine Fitter at Works." Engine Drivers, Stokers, and Firemen to be described in connection with the manufactory, railway, steam-vessel, etc., in which they are employed. --Examples: "Railway Engine Driver," "Stoker in Cotton Factory," "Engineer" alone is not to be used.

(r) Artisans and Mechanics should invariably sate the particular branch of mechanical art or business in which they are employed. --Examples: "Model Maker--Engine," "Wire Worker--Telegraph."

(s) Weaver. --"Silk," "Wool," "Worsted," "Cotton," etc., should always be written before this general term, so as to express distinctly the material which he weaves; thus, "Silk Weaver."

(t) Domestic Servants should be described according to the nature of their service, adding in all cases "Domestic Servant." --Example: "Coachman-Domestic Servant;" "Gardener-Domestic Servant;" "Cook-Domestic Servant."

(u) Messengers, Porters, Laborers, to be described according to the nature of their employment. -- Examples: "Railway Porter," "Bricklayer's Laborer," "Laborer in Iron Works," "General Laborer." The term Laborer should never be used alone.

(v) Persons ordinarily engaged in some industry, but Out of Employment at the time of the Census, should be so described: as "Coal Miner, unemployed;" "Printer, unemployed."

(w) Persons following no profession, trade or calling, and holding no public office, but deriving their incomes chiefly from land, houses, dividends, interest of money, annuities, etc., may describe themselves accordingly. The indefinite terms Gentleman, Esquire, are not to be used. Persons who have retired from business to be entered thus--"Retired Farmer," "Retired Grocer."

(x) Women and children: The occupation of those who are regularly employed from home, or who follow any business at home, is to be distinctly recorded.
Rank, Profession, or Occupation? ____

Questionnaire instructions view entire document:  text  image

Chaprter 37: An Act for taking the Census of England.

[7th September 1880.]

Schedules shall be prepared by or under the direction 2 of the said Board for the purpose of being filled up by or on "behalf of the several occupiers of dwelling houses as hereinafter provided, with particulars of the name, sex, age, rank, profession or occupation, condition as to marriage, relation to head of family, and birth-place of every living person who abode in every house on the night of Sunday the third day of April one thousand eight hundred and eighty-one, and also whether any were blind, or deaf and dumb, or imbecile or lunatic; and the registrars in England shall in the course of the week ending on Saturday the second day of April in the said year one thousand eight hundred and eighty-one leave or cause to be left at every dwelling-house within their respective sub-districts one or more of the said schedules for the occupier or occupiers thereof or of any part thereof, and upon every such schedule shall be plainly expressed that it is to be filled up by the occupier of such dwelling-house, (or where such dwelling-house is let or sub-let in different stories or apartments, and occupied distinctly by different persons or families, by the occupier of each such distinct story or apartment,) and that the enumerator will collect all such schedules within his division on the Monday then next following.


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Great Britain 1891a — source variable GB1891A_0416 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

6. Profession or occupation

Before filling up columns 6, 7, 8, and 9, you are requested to read carefully the special instructions printed on the other side.

____ Profession and occupation


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Great Britain 1891b — source variable GB1891B_0416 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

To the occupier

With exception of the above compartments, this paper must, in compliance with the Act, be filled up by the occupier of person in charge of the dwelling.

If a house be let or sublet to separate persons or families each occupier must make a return for his portion of the house upon a separate schedule.

Before filling up the paper all the instructions printed in the heading and on the back of the schedule should be carefully read.

This paper will be called for on Monday, April 6th, by the appointed enumerator, and it is necessary that you should have the answers written in the proper columns early on the morning of that day in order that he may not be delayed. It will be his duty, under the Act, to complete the return if defective, and to correct it if erroneous. Any person authorized by you may write in the particulars if you are unable to do so yourself.

Person who refuse to give information or who willfully give false information as to any of the required particulars, are liable, on summary conviction before Justices, to a fine of five pounds.

The return is required to enable the Local Government Board to complete the Tenth Census. The facts will be published in General Abstracts only, and strict care will be taken that the returns are not used for the gratification of curiosity, or for other purposes than those of the census.

1. Name and surname

No persons absent on the night of Sunday, April 5th, to be entered here; except those who may be travelling or out at work during that night (and are not elsewhere returned), and who return home on Monday, April 6th.

Write after the name of the head of the family, the names of his wife, children, and other relatives, then visitors, boarders, and servants.

____ Name and surname

5. Profession or occupation
Before filling up columns 5, 6, 7, and 8, you are requested to read carefully the special instructions printed on the other side.

____ Profession and occupation

General instructions

1. The precise nature of the occupation must be inserted in column 5 in accordance with the Special Instructions given below.

2. A person following several distinct occupations must state each of them in the order of their importance.

3. Person who have retired for their profession, business, or occupation must state their former calling, with the addition of the word "retired" as "retired farmer", "retired grocer", "retired Blacksmith".

4. The occupations of women and children, if any, are to be stated as well as those of men.

5. A cross must be made in column 6, headed "employer" when the person is a master, employing under him workers in his trade or industry, in column 7, headed "employed", when the person is working in a trade or industry under a master, and in column 8, headed "neither "employer nor employed", when the persons neither employs other workmen in his trade or industry, nor works for a master, but works on his own account. Married women assisting their husbands in their trade or industry are returned as "employed".

These three columns, 6, 7, and 8, refer only to employment in trades and industries, and not to the employment of domestic servants.
Special instructions
1. Magistrates, members of parliament, and officials may state their official title, but must also state their profession or occupation, if they have any.

2. Persons serving in the army, the navy, or the civil service should state their grade and the branch of service to which they belong.

3. Clergyman of the Church of England should return themselves as clerk in Holy orders or as Rector, Vicar, Curate of ____, and should not use the indefinite term clerk without further specification. Priests and ministers of other religious communities must state to what community they belong - as "Roman Catholic Priest", "Wesleyan Minister". Local or occasional preachers must return their ordinary occupation, but may also add the fact of their being preachers.

4. Members of the legal profession should return themselves as barristers or solicitors, as the case may be. Law clerks should return themselves as barrister's clerk or solicitor's clerk. Articled clerks in solicitors' offices should be so described.

5. Members of the various branches of the medical profession should state whether they are duly registered Practitioners, and whether they practice as physician, surgeon, general practitioner, dentist, etc.

6. Professors, teachers, etc., should state the branch of science or art or knowledge which they follow. Artists also should state the art they cultivate.

7. Students of theology, law, medicine, or other branches of knowledge should return themselves as such.

8. Merchants, brokers, agents, etc., must state the particular branch of commerce in which they are engaged - as "East India Merchant", "stock broker", "cotton broker".

9. Sons or other relatives of farmers employed on the farm should be returned as "farmer's son", "farmer's brother", etc.

10. Agricultural Laborers, Shepherds, and others employed on farms must return themselves as such. The term "laborer" must not be used by itself to describe an "Agricultural Laborer". Men employed on farms and living in the farmer's house must return themselves as Farm Servants but this term should not be used for domestic servants in a farm house.

11. Shopmen and shop women should state in what branch of business they are employed - as, "draper's assistant", "milliner's shop woman".

12. Such terms as manager, foreman, superintendent should never be used without stating the special branch of trade in which the person is employed.

13. Domestic servants should state the nature of their service, adding in all cases "domestic servant". Examples "coachman - domestic servant"; "gardener - domestic servant", "cook - domestic servant".

14. The vague term "engineer", which might equally designate a civil engineer or and engine-driver, or an engine maker, is never to be used alone. Civil and mining engineers should describe themselves as such. Engine and machine makers should specify the precise branch of the trade in which they are employed - as, "steam-engine maker - fitter". engine drivers, stokers, firemen should state whether they drive or stoke railway engines, ship's engines, or stationary engines, or whether they are furnace stokers - as "stoker on steam ship", "railway engine driver", "gas stoker", "furnace stoker at potteries".

15. Artisans, mechanics, and workers in manufactories generally, should state distinctly not only the general name of the industry in which they are employed, but the particular branch of the industry in which they are engaged, and also the material in which they work, if it be not implied in the name, and if such name be common for several industries - as, "brass founder", "silk throwster", "watchmaker -finisher", "printer compositor". Such terms as founder, finisher, throwster, etc. common to many industries must not be used without more precise descriptions.

16. Weavers, spinners, etc., should invariably state the material in which they work - as, "Cotton-spinner", "Silk Weaver", etc.

17. Miners should always state the kind of mine in which they work - as, "coal miner", "lead miner". The term "miner" should never be used alone.

18. Laborers, porters should specify the nature of their employment - as, "railway porter", "agricultural laborer", "bricklayer's laborer", "laborer in ship yards", "general laborer". The term "laborer" should never be used alone.

19. Persons following no profession, trade, or calling, but deriving their income from land, houses, dividends, or other private sources, should return themselves as "living on their own means". Such indefinite terms as "Gentleman", "Esquire", etc., should not be used.

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Great Britain 1901a — source variable GB1901A_0416 — Occupation

No questionnaire text is available for this sample.


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Great Britain 1901b — source variable GB1901B_0416 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

5. Profession or occupation
State the occupation, if any, of each person (whether man, woman, or child). For those engaged in any trade or industry, state the particular brand, and also the material worked or dealt in.

The instructions on the back of the schedule must be carefully read before this column is filled up.

____ Occupation

1. The precise nature of the occupation must be inserted in column 5, in accordance with the instructions given below.
2. A person following more than one occupation should state each of them in the order of their importance. Magistrates, members of parliament, and officials may state their official title, but should not omit to return their profession or ordinary occupation, if they have any.
3. Vague terms, such as merchant, broker, agent, manufacturer, contractor, manager, superintendent, Forman, dealer, apprentice, artisan, mechanic, machinist, machine worker, factory hand, operative laborer, etc., must not be used alone. Full and distinctive description of the occupation must be given.
4. Children attending school and also engaged in a trade or industry should be described as following the particular trade or industry.
5. The occupiers' attention is called to the heading of column 7, in which column the words "at home" should be entered opposite the names of persons engaged in any trade or industry carried on at home.
6. The Army, navy, and civil service - persons in these services should state their rank or grad and the branch of the service to which they belong.
7. Ministers of religion- Clergymen of the Church of Scotland should return themselves as "Minister of ____ Pariah," "Assistant Minister of ___Parish," or "Minister of Established Church (no charge." Priests and Ministers of other religious communities should state to what community they belong - "Minister of ____United Free Church," "Minister of ____Independent Chapel" etc. Episcopalism Clergyman, Roman Catholic Priests, and Ministers of Foreign Churches to return themselves as such, and to state the name of the church or chapel, if any, in which they officiate. Local or occasional preachers should return their ordinary occupation, but may also add the fact of their being preachers.
8. Legal profession - members of this profession should state whether they are barristers, solicitors, articled clerks, barristers' clerks, solicitors' clerks or law clerks, etc. according to circumstances.
9. Members of various branches of the medical profession should state whether they are duly registered practitioners, and whether they practice as physician, surgeon, general practitioner, dentist, etc.
10. Professors, teachers, etc. should state the branch of science or art or knowledge which they follow. Artists also should state the art which they cultivate.
11. Students of theology, law, medicine, or other branches of knowledge should return themselves as such.
12. Scholars- children or young person's attending a school, or receiving regular instruction at home (and not engaged in a trade or industry), to be returned as "scholars".
13. Sons or other relatives of farmers employed on the farm should be returned as "farmer's son", "farmer's brother", etc.
14. Agricultural laborers should be entered according to the particular work on which they are usually engaged - such as "shepherd", "ploughman", "hind", "carter on farm", "horse keeper on farm", "cattleman on farm", "stockman on farm", "ordinary agricultural laborer", etc. the term "laborer" must not be used by itself to describe an "agricultural laborer".
15. Shopkeepers and shop-assistants should return themselves as such and should also state their branch of business - as, "grocer-shop-keeper", "draper's assistant", etc. persons wholly or principally engaged in manufacture or repair - such as "journeymen bakers", "tailors' cutters", "watchmakers", "bootmakers" etc. - should return themselves as such and not as "shopkeepers" or "shop-assistants".
16. Managers, foremen, superintendents, over-lookers, etc., should state the special branch of trade in which they are employed.
17. Nurses - the term "nurse" by itself is too indefinite. The kind of nurse should be stated as "hospital nurse", "sick nurse", "monthly nurse", "nurse (domestic)", etc.
18. Domestic servants should be entered according to the nature of their service, adding in all cases "domestic". Examples: "coachman - domestic:", "gardener - domestic:", "cook - domestic". coachmen, gardeners, etc., not in domestic service should describe themselves as "coachman (not domestic)", "market gardener", etc.
19. Engineers should fully state the nature of their employment. Civil, mechanical, electrical, and mining engineers should describe themselves as such. Engine and machine makers should specify the precise branch of the trade in which they are employed - as "steam-engine maker - fitter". engine-drivers, stokers, firemen, should state whether they drive or stoke railway engines, ship engines, or stationary engines, or whether they are furnace stokers - as "stoker on steam-ship", "railway engine-driver", "gas stoker", "furnace stoker at potteries".
20. Artisans, mechanics, and workers in manufactories should state not only the general name, but also the particular branch of the industry in which they are engaged, naming where possible, the material used or article made, thus - "brass founder", "silk-throwster", "and watchmaker - finisher "," printer compositor". Such terms as founder, finisher, printer, throwster, machinist, etc., must not be used alone. Sewing machinists should name the article they machine - as, "boot machinist", "shirt machinist", etc.
21. weavers, spinners, bleachers, dyers, etc., should invariably state the material in which they work and the precise process in which they are engaged - such as, "cotton-spinner", "silk weaver", "cotton card-room hand", "wool-winder", etc.
22. Miners and quarrymen should always state the kind of mine or quarry in which they work, and the nature of their employment in or about the mine or quarry - as, "coal-miner-hewer", "lead-miner", "slate-quarryman". The term "miner" or "quarryman" should never be used alone.
23. Laborers, porters, carters, should specify the nature of their employment - as, "railway porter", "navvy", "bricklayer's laborer", "laborer in ship yards", "railway carter", "and general laborer". The term "laborer", "porter", etc., should never be used alone.
24. Retired - persons who have retired from their profession or occupation should state their former calling. With the addition of the word "retired" - as. "Retired farmer", "retired grocer", "retired blacksmith".
25. living on own means - persons neither following nor having retired from a profession of occupation, but deriving their income from private sources, should return themselves as "living on own means". Such terms as "gentleman", "esquire", etc., must not be used.


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Great Britain 1911 — source variable GB1911A_0433 — Occupation
Questionnaire form view entire document:  text  image

Profession or Occupation of Persons aged ten years and upwards

10. Personal Occupation.

The reply should show the precise branch of Profession, Trade, Manufacture, etc.
If engaged in any Trade of Manufacture, the particular kind of work done and the Article made or Material worked or dealt in should be clearly indicated.
(See Instructions 1 to 8 and Examples on back of Schedule)