Codes and Frequencies
This variable was created by the 1881 British census project. This code is an experimental adjunct to the occupational code. The first digit of four is the most useful (and the most reliable). The initial number denotes the type of economic activity carried out by the individual. Codes 1-6 inclusive denote inactivity, code 7 denotes in the labour market, code 8 denotes that the person is retired, and code 9 is for unknown.
The other three numbers in the code are, for those whose code starts with 7 or 8 the three digit occupational code allocated in the coding dictionary. Thus Butcher has an INACTVGB code of 7225 and Retired Butcher had 8225. See the documentation for OCCGB.
The code is based on a variety of information found within the dataset. The main source of information is the occupational string. All occupational entries within the dictionary which do not refer to a current or past working status have also manually been allocated an INACTVGB code. Thus the occupational entry 'Farmer's wife' is given an occupational code of 414 denoting that she is a 'person returned by property, rank etc. and not special occupation' and, additionally in the occupational dictionary, an INACTVGB code of 3700 denoting 'deriving support from the household head', will also have been allocated.
At the first digit level, these codes represent:
1xxx: institutional residents including non-institutional 'paupers'
2xxx: vagrants, tramps etc.
3xxx: independent means and dependent on household heads
4xxx: foreign residents and students
7xxx: in work
8xxx: past work
It is important to note that there is no clear theoretical construct underpinning these majority of these categories and they should be used with considerable care.
For those in work, 7000 is added to their occupational code and for those who have an occupational entry with an indication of the fact that they used to carry out an occupation will have 8000 added to the occupational code. Therefore for all people with a non-blank entry in the occupation column of the CEB will have been allocated an INACTVGB code. Those people with a blank entry in the occupation column have their INACTVGB code allocated on the basis of their relationship to the head of the household. It is important to note that if there is any information within the occupational column it takes precedence over the contents of the relationship field. Thus where an occupation is recorded as 'Farmer's wife', but the relationship is 'Servant', the INACTVGB code will be 3700 and not 7056 which would be the replacement value if the occupational entry was blank.
- Great Britain 1851: All persons
- Great Britain: 1851