Census of England and Wales, 1861
Prepared under the direction of one of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, pursuant to the Act of 23 and 24 Vict. c. 61.
____City, town, Village, or Hamlet
____Street, Square, etc., or Road
____Name or Number of House
____Name of Occupier
You are requested to insert the particulars specified on the other page, in compliance with an Act which passed the House of Commons, and the House of Lords, in the last Session of Parliament, and received the assent of Her Majesty, the Queen, on the 6th of August, 1860.
This Paper will be called for on Monday, April 8th, by the appointed Enumerator, and it is desirable that you should have the answers written in the proper columns by the morning of that day, in order that his progress may not be delayed. It will be his duty, under the Act, to complete the return if it be defective, and to correct it if erroneous. Any person authorized by you may write in the particulars if you are yourself unable to do so.
Persons who refuse to give correct information, are liable to a Penalty of Five Pounds; besides the inconvenience and annoyance of appearing before two Justices of the Peace, and being convicted of having made a willful misstatement of age, or of any of the other particulars.
The Return is required to enable the Secretary of State to complete the Seventh Census; which is to show the exact numbers, ages, and condition of the people-their arrangement by families in different ranks, professions, and trades-their distribution over the country in villages, towns, and cities-their increase and progress in the last ten years.
The facts will be published in General Abstracts only, and strict care will be taken that the returns are not used for the gratification of curiosity.
G. C. Lewis,
Home Office, Whitehall, Nov. 13th, 1860.
This Paper is to be filled up by the occupier or Person in charge of the dwelling. If the house is let or sub-let to different Families or Lodgers, each Occupier or Lodger must make a return for his portion of the house upon a separate paper.
The Superior Titles of peers and the other Persons of Rank to be inserted, as well as any high office which they may hold. Magistrates, Aldermen and other important public officers to state their profession after their official title.
Army and Navy- Add after the rank, "Army," "Artillery," "Royal Navy," Royal Engineers, " "Mariners," "East India Service," as the case may be. Officers on "half- pay," or "retired, " to be so described. Chelsea, Greenwich, and other Pensioners, to be so designated
Persons in the Civil Service to state the Department to which they are attached, after their rank; those on the Superannuation List to be so distinguished.
Clergymen of the Church of England to return themselves as "Rector of ____," "Vicar of _____," "Curate of ____," etc., or "without cure of souls. " They are requested not to employ the indefinite term "Clerk". Roman Catholic Priests, and Minister of Foreign Churches, to return themselves as such, and to state the name of the church or chapel in which they officiate. Dissenting Ministers to return themselves as "Independent Minister, of ____ Chapel," "Wesleyan Minister, of ____ Chapel," etc. Local or occasional preachers must return their ordinary occupations; but may add "Local Methodist preacher,"etc., etc.
Legal profession- Barristers, to state whether or not in actual practice; Officers of any Court, etc., to state the description of office and name of Court. The designation "Attorney" or "Solicitor" to be confined to those whose names are actually upon the Roll. Clerks in Solicitors' offices should distinguish whether Solicitor's Managing, Articled, or General Clerk.
Members of the Medical profession to state the University, College, or Hall of which they are Graduates, Fellows, or Licentiates; also whether they practice as Physician, Surgeon, Dentist, Oculist, General Practitioner, etc., or are "not practicing".
Professors, Teachers, Public writers, Authors and Scientific men -- to state the particular branch of Science or Literature which they teach or pursue; Artists, the art which they cultivate. Graduates should their degrees in this column.
Persons engaged in commerce, as Merchants, Brokers, Agents, Commercial travellers, to state in all cases the particular kind of business in which they are engaged, or the staple in which they chiefly deal. Members of the Stock Exchange, East India Merchants, etc., may be so described.
Commercial Clerk-always add in what branch of business. [Note: Clerks in the Civil Service, and in Solicitors officers, should be distinguied as above directed.]
The term farmer to be applied only to the occupier of land. Example: Farmer of 317 acres, employing 8 laborers and 3 boys;" the actual number of acres, and of men and boys employed on the far, on April 8th, being in all cases inserted. Sons or daughters employed at home or on the farm, may be returned: "Farmer's son," "Farmer's daughter." Farm Servants sleeping in the Farmers house must be described in the schedule as "Carter," "Dairymaid," etc., as the case may be.
An out- door Laborer working on a farm must be described as "Agricultural Laborer;" "Shepard," etc., as the case may be.
In Trades, Manufactures, or other Business, the Employer must, in all cases, be distinguished; Example: "Carpenter-Master, employing 6 men and 2 boys;" inserting always the number of persons of the trade in his employ, if any, on April 8th. In the case of Firms, the number of persons employed should be returned by one partner only.
In the case of Workers in Mines or Manufactures, and generally in the Arts, the particular branch of Work, and the Material, are always to be distinctly expressed if they are not implied in the names, as in "Coal-miner," "Brass-founder," "Silk-throwster". Where the trade is much subdivided, both Trade and Branch are to be returned thus: "Watchmaker-finisher;" "Printer-compositor".
Artisans and Mechanics should invariable state their particular branch of art or business.
Weaver should always write "Silk," "Wool," "Worsted," "Cotton," etc., before this general term, so as to express distinctly the material he weaves, thus: "Silk- Weaver."
Messengers, Porters, Laborers, and Servants, to be described according to the place and nature of their employment on the day of the Census.
A person following more than one distinct Business should insert his several occupation in the order of their importance.
Persons following no profession, trade, or calling and holding no public office, but deriving their income chiefly from land, houses, mines, dividends, interest of money, annuities, etc., may designate themselves "landed proprietor," "proprietor of iron mines," "proprietor of houses," "fund-holder," etc. as the case may be. Persons of advanced age who have retired from business may be entered thus: "retired farmer," "retired grocer", etc.
Persons in Almshouses, after being described as such, should state their previous occupation inserted.
Women and children to be entered according to the above Instructions. The occupations of those who are regularly employed from home, or who follow any business at home, to be distinctly recorded. Against the names of children, daily attending school, or receiving regular tuition, write "Scholar."
Name and surname
No person absent on the night of Sunday, April 7th to be entered here; except those who may be travelling or out at work during that night, and who return home on Monday, April 8th.
Write after the name of the head of the family, the names of his wife, children, and other relatives; then visitors, etc., and servants.
[See: instructions for filling up the column headed "rank, profession or occupation."]
____ Rank, profession, or occupation
____ Where born
Opposite the names of those born in England, write the county, and town, or Parish.
If born in Scotland, Ireland, the British colonies, or the East Indies, state the country.
If born in foreign parts state the country, and if also a British subject add "British Subject," or "Naturalized British Subject," as the case may be.